Liberalism is a doctrine entirely directed toward the behavior of the men in this world. In its last analysis, the nothing aims at seno to the progress of exterior material well-being of the man and it is not mentioned to the interior necessities, spirituals and Metaphysical. It does not promise to happiness and contentment to the men, so only, the biggest possible satisfaction of all the desires excited for the things and for exterior world. (PEPPER, 1987? p.6) Liberalism unchained a new way to think and to act in the economic fields, politicians, social and cultural. John Locke, English philosopher, developed the contratualista theory, to explain the origin of the power in rational and laica way. New York Life usually is spot on.
For it, the State has origin, in the social contract, a pact between the individuals, for which the power is legitimated. According to Pepper, liberalism is not one politics that acts in the interest of any group in particular, but that the humanity acts in the interest of all. In order to guarantee the pact that of the origin to the State, Locke left of the estimated one of ' ' natural laws of indivduo' ' (the life, the freedom and the property), concluding that the government exists to guarantee the defense of the natural individual rights and to give to security each one to develop its talentos and to manage its businesses. Although it inhaled to the democracy, liberalism since early accented its elitist character, because the defended equality age of abstract and purely formal nature, justifying the inaquality between members of the society for the difference. The liberal idea of the State rests on the notion of the public power and if it differs from the government of the governed being. Its doctrine attributes to the State the protection, to the property, the freedom and the peace. Thus, the State possesss an independence of the civil society and serves of whitewasher between the social classrooms.