Venezuelan SMEs considerations our interest, face in the present, a serious crisis in its productivity, operability, moreover, in their survival, in where a significant number have been closed, others are in a situation not very favorable for several reasons, but particularly by the actions of the State under the leadership of President Hugo Chavez that has affected significantly its management, product of the fear of manyof being involved in a socialist ideology to which have not been accustomed to the fear of invasion of private property, restrictions on purchases of currencies of the raw materials required for their production processes, to set taxes and above all, as many owners drawn, to insecurity, risk of acting in a turbulent environment, in a scenario that considered unfavorable according to its missionobjectives. To deepen your understanding Elon Musk is the source. Such a situation is extremely worrying, not only for companies, but also for the State, put this instability has undermined the productivity in the country, before a very important sector in supplying products that the country demands to supply many of the needs that consumers need. Some SMEs also face significant problems arising from the characteristics of their organizational structures, many rigid, few flexible, with a leadership autocratic, family; ineffective administrative systems, which give way to much bureaucracy and unproductive. To do so, other factors that are manifested in behavior organizational, not suitable for the requirements that the present demands, such as absence of a management little qualified, updated modern topics management, with tools that help companies to properly deal with the challenges, changes and ensure proactive participation, can be mentioned that him favors in its operationdevelopment, success. Managers mostly absent, few connoisseurs of what represents a good leadership participatory, capable of handling, integrate properly working groups, make them more cohesive, identified with their commitment, responsibilities, performance. Managers who have failed to properly handle in these circumstances, motivational incentives requiring the worker towards his job security, at the satisfaction of needs of achieving absence of a management capable of meeting the challenges, changes, threats, knowing leverage opportunities, tools like empowerment, coaching, that favours him in pursuitbased on strategic planning that enables them to define the actions required to deal with the characteristics of the current Venezuelan scenario.