The Analysis of the Speech is proposal from the materialistic philosophy that puts in question practical of sciences the human beings and the division of the intellectual work, of reflexiva form. Ebay insists that this is the case. In accordance with one of the possible readings, speech is practical the social one of production of texts. This means that all speech is a social construction, not individual, and that only can be analyzed considering its description-social context, its conditions of production; it means despite the speech reflects a world vision determined, necessarily, tied with the one of (s) its (s) author (you are) and with the society where it lives (m). Text, in turn, is the product of the discursiva activity, the empirical object of analysis of the speech; it is the construction on which if it leans over the analyst to search, in its surface, the marks that guide the scientific inquiry. It is necessary, however, to point out that the object of the Analysis of the Speech is the speech.
all speech is inserted in a context. Context is the description-social situation of a text, involving not only the institutions human beings, as still other texts that are produced in return and with it if they relate. It can be said that the context is the frame of a text. The context involves elements in such a way of reality of the author how much of the receiver and the analysis of these elements it helps to determine the direction. The interpretation of a text must, immediately, know that it has an author, a citizen with determined social identity and historical e, from this, to point out the speech as sharing of this identity. It fits to point out that the text alone will receive this nomenclature (text) if the receiver from the message to obtain to decipher it. The proposal of a new called object ' ' discurso' ' it appeared with Michel Pcheux in France, its thesis Analyse Automatique du Discours in 1969.